International Journal article  

de Carvalho, A., Dautriche, I., Lin, I. & Christophe, A. (2017). Phrasal prosody constrains syntactic analysis in toddlers. Cognition, 163, 67-79. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2017.02.018

The boundaries of perception : a conceptual engineering perspective

Lien pour assister à la soutenance :

Le jury sera composé de :

Paul EGRE (Directeur de Recherche CNRS/ENS)
Denis FOREST (Professeur, Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne)
Susanna SIEGEL (Professor, Harvard University)
Sebastian WATZL (Associate professor, University of Oslo)
Frédérique DE VIGNEMONT (Directrice de recherche CNRS/ENS / Directrice de thèse)

Beyond introspective illusion: A Brain computer Interface approach to decision awareness

Abstract: When we make a free choice, we feel conscious and in control of our decision processes. However, over the past decades, studies on introspection demonstrated that our self-knowledge faculties are crippled by illusory content. In Part i, we suggest that introspection can be framed as a hierarchically organized inference process and we proposed an innovative methodological approach to challenge this hypothesis. We used a free decision paradigm in which no high order nor low motor level processing were solicited.

Dopamine role in learning and action inference

This talk will present a framework for modelling dopamine function in the mammalian brain. In this framework, dopaminergic neurons projecting to different parts of the striatum encode errors in predictions made by the corresponding systems within the basal ganglia. These prediction errors are equal to differences between rewards and expectations in the goal-directed system, and to differences between the chosen and habitual actions in the habit system. The prediction errors enable learning about rewards resulting from actions and habit formation.

The cultural transmission of health-related conspiracy theories

For research and policy-development in public health, it is crucial to understand the spread of ideas and beliefs as well as diseases. Conspiracy theories about secret agendas behind vaccination programmes, the side effects of medical treatments, and cover-ups by the government or pharmaceutical industry are prevalent in many countries and can have devastating effects on health and well-being.

Language learning, language use, and the evolution of linguistic structure

Language is a product of learning in individuals, and universal structural features of language presumably reflect properties of the way in which we learn. But language is not necessarily a direct reflection of properties of individual learners: languages are culturally-transmitted systems, which persist in populations via a repeated cycle of learning and use, where learners learn from linguistic data which represents the communicative behaviour of other individuals who learnt their language in the same way.

Neural responses to heartbeats during subjective choices in humans

The defence will be in English and the jury will be composed of: 
- Olaf Blanke (Rapporteur - EPFL, Switzerland) 
- Benedetto De Martino (Rapporteur - UCL, United Kingdom)
- Frederike Petzschner (Examinatrice - ETZ/Brown University, Switzerland/USA)
- Mathias Pessiglione (Président du jury - ICM, Paris)
- Catherine Tallon-Baudry (Directrice de thèse - ENS, Paris)